One of the major roadblocks for the E-mobility transition in India is the high upfront cost of the vehicles resulting from high import dependency and limited local manufacturing of their components. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has acted as a boon for this situation. The Indian government has issued a clarion call for localisation of manufacturing and self-reliance or Atmanirbharta across the economy to rebuild the economy. A focus on the auto sector, especially electric vehicles, for India’s post-COVID economic recovery may boost localised manufacturing and livelihoods associated with it.
However, in the current scenario, the sector’s employment generation potential is in its nascent stage. It is limited to ambitious targets set by State EV policies. Additionally, though EV start-ups seem to be on the rise in India, the current requirements are limited and tilted towards highly skilled or niche roles. Thus, the concerns for a just transition seem imperative in the context of the impact of the changing skill requirement on the existing workforce and new entrants, as well as gender disparities across the job and skill spectrum in the auto manufacturing sector.
The objective of this project is to explore the qualitative attributes and employment potential of the localised jobs, which will be created due to the indigenisation of the EV manufacturing ecosystem. The overarching aim is a deconstruction of the EV manufacturing ecosystem in terms of job roles, skill requirements and employment potential. This will help create an employment roadmap for an indigenised and just transition to E-mobility, to cater to industry players and policymakers.
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) is the oldest political foundation in Germany with a rich tradition in social democracy. It focuses on core ideas and values of social democracy i.e. freedom, justice and solidarity. FES India has had a long-standing cooperation with think tanks and research institutions. It has also substantiated the necessity for an exchange of social democratic ideas across borders, continents and cultures, especially in the age of globalization’s continuing impact on Indian society and India’s sustained rise to global importance.
- For Comprehensive Localisation, Skill Gap in EV Manufacturing Needs to be Addressed via Concerted Efforts of Govt, Industry
Energetica India, September 10, 2021
- Convergence of policies and players key for a just transition to e-mobility
KNN, September 10, 2021
- Way Forward for ‘Just Transition’ to E-mobility: Convergence of Policies and Players
September 09, 2021
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Assistant Policy Analyst
Senior Research Associate